A binary signature in the non-thermal radio-emitter Cyg OB2 #9
Y. Naze (1), M. De Becker (1), G. Rauw (1), C. Barbieri (2)
1- IAGL, ULg, Belgium ; 2 - Univ. Padova, Italy
Aims: Non-thermal radio emission associated with massive stars is believed to arise from a wind-wind collision in a binary system. However, the evidence of binarity is still lacking in some cases, notably Cyg OB2 #9 .
Methods: For several years, we have been monitoring this heavily-reddened star from various observatories. This campaign allowed us to probe variations both on short and long timescales and constitutes the first in-depth study of the visible spectrum of this object.
Results: Our observations provide the very first direct evidence of a companion in Cyg OB2 #9, confirming the theoretical wind-wind collision scenario. These data suggest a highly eccentric orbit with a period of a few years, compatible with the 2yr-timescale measured in the radio range. In addition, the signature of the wind-wind collision is very likely reflected in the behaviour of some emission lines.
Reference: accepted by A&A
Status: Manuscript has been accepted