Periodic mass loss episodes due to an oscillation mode with variable amplitude in the hot supergiant HD 50064

Aerts, C.; Lefever, K.; Baglin, A.; Degroote, P.; Oreiro, R.; Vuckovic, M.; Smolders, K.; Acke, B.; Verhoelst, T.; Desmet, M.; Godart, M.; Noels, A.; Dupret, M. -A.; Auvergne, M.; Baudin, F.; Catala, C.; Michel, E.; Samadi, R.

Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, K.U.Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001
Leuven, Belgium

We aim to interpret the photometric and spectroscopic variability of the luminous blue variable supergiant HD,50064 ($V=8.21$).CoRoT space photometry and follow-up high-resolution spectroscopy, with a time base of 137,d and 169,d, respectively, was gathered, analysed and interpreted using standard time series analysis and light curve modelling methods as well as spectral line diagnostics.The space photometry reveals one period of 37,d, which undergoes a sudden amplitude change with a factor 1.6. The pulsation period is confirmed in the spectroscopy, which additionally reveals metal line radial velocity values differing by $sim 30,$km,s$^{-1}$ depending on the spectral line and on the epoch. We estimate teff$sim$13,500,K, logg$sim$1.5 from the equivalent width of Si lines. The Balmer lines reveal that the star undergoes episodes of changing mass loss on a time scale similar to the changes in the photometric and spectroscopic variability, with an average value of $logdot{rm M}simeq-5$ (in M$_odot$,yr$^{-1}$). We tentatively interpret the 37,d period as due to a strange mode oscillation.

Reference: Accepted for publication in A&A Letters
Status: Manuscript has been accepted