Spectral Types of Red Supergiants in NGC 6822 and the Wolf-Lundmark-Melotte Galaxy
Emily M. Levesque, Philip Massey
University of Colorado at Boulder; Lowell Observatory
We present moderate-resolution spectroscopic observations of red supergiants (RSGs) in the low-metallicity Local Group galaxies NGC 6822 (Z = 0.4Zsun) and Wolf-Lundmark-Melotte (WLM; Z = 0.1Zsun). By combining these observations with reduction techniques for multislit data reduction and flux calibration, we are able to analyze spectroscopic data of 16 RSGs in NGC 6822 and spectrophotometric data of 11 RSGs in WLM. Using these observations we determine spectral types for these massive stars, comparing them to Milky Way and Magellanic Clouds RSGs and thus extending observational evidence of the abundance-dependent shift of RSG spectral types to lower metallicities. In addition, we have uncovered two RSGs with unusually late spectral types (J000158.14-152332.2 in WLM, with a spectral type of M3 I, and J194453.46-144552.6 in NGC 6822, with a spectral type of M4.5 I) and a third RSG (J194449.96-144333.5 in NGC 6822) whose spectral type has varied from a M2.5 in 1997 to a K5 in 2008. All three of these stars could potentially be members of a recently-discovered class of extreme RSG variables.
Reference: Astronomical Journal
Status: Manuscript has been accepted