Partial Mixing in Early-Type Main-Sequence B Stars
K.A. Barkhatova Kourovka Astronomical Observatory, B.N. Yeltsin Ural Federal University, pr. Lenina 51, Ekaterinburg, 620000 Russia
Abstract—Partial mixing of material in the radiative envelopes and convective cores of rotating main sequence stars with masses of 8 and 16 M$_\odot$ is considered as a function of the inital angular momentum of the stars. Losses of rotational kinetic energy to the generation of shear turbulence in the radiative envelope and the subsequent mixing of material in the envelope are taken into account. With an initial equatorial rotational velocity of 100 km/s, partial mixing develops in the upper part of the layer with variable chemical composition and the lower part of the chemically homogeneous radiative envelope. When the initial equatorial rotational velocity is 150–250 km/s, the joint action of shear turbulence and semi-convection leads to partial mixing in the radiative envelope and central parts of the star. The surface abundance of helium is enhanced, with this effect increasing with the angular momentum of the star. With an initial equatorial rotational velocity of 250 km/s, the ratio of the surface abundances of helium and hydrogen grows by $\sim30\%$ and $\sim70\%$ toward the end of the main-sequence evolution of an 8 M$_\odot$ and 16 M$_\odot$ star, respectively. The transformation of rotational kinetic energy into the energy of partial mixing increases with the angular momentum of the star, but does not exceed $\sim2\%−3\%$ in the cases considered.
Reference: Astronomy Reports
Status: Manuscript has been accepted