CMF models of hot star winds
II. Reduction of O star wind mass-loss rates in global models
Jiri Krticka, Jiri Kubat
Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic
Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Ondrejov, Czech Republic
We calculate global (unified) wind models of main-sequence, giant, and supergiant O stars from our Galaxy. The models are calculated by solving hydrodynamic, kinetic equilibrium (also known as NLTE) and comoving-frame (CMF) radiative transfer equations from the (nearly) hydrostatic photosphere to the supersonic wind. For given stellar parameters, our models predict the photosphere and wind structure and in particular the wind mass-loss rates without any free parameters. Our predicted mass-loss rates are by a factor of 2--5 lower than the commonly used predictions. A possible cause of the difference is abandoning of the Sobolev approximation for the calculation of the radiative force, because our models agree with predictions of CMF NLTE radiative transfer codes. Our predicted mass-loss rates agree nicely with the mass-loss rates derived from observed near-infrared and X-ray line profiles and are slightly lower than mass-loss rates derived from combined UV and Halpha diagnostics. The empirical mass-loss rate estimates corrected for clumping may therefore be reconciled with theoretical predictions in such a way that the average ratio between individual mass-loss rate estimates is not higher than about 1.6. On the other hand, our predictions are by factor of 4.7 lower than pure Halpha mass-loss rate estimates and can be reconciled with these values only assuming a microclumping factor of at least eight.
Reference: A&A, in press
Status: Manuscript has been accepted